From this thread: http://www.pilotsofamerica.com/forum/showthread.php?t=65321 The discussion came up that, as pilots, we should talk more about experiences when we broke the accident chain. I thought it would be best in the "Lessons Learned" section since some people might be more comfortable posting anonymously. Too often, we read about NTSB reports and talk about what we would have done differently. However, that's looking at a situation where the worst has happened. The reality is, that could happen to any of us. While there are varying causes, I suspect that part of it is a typical unwillingness by pilots to deviate from a plan because we tend to want to stick to our plan. After all, the chances are that it will be fine. This part is true. But we also know that very few people in NTSB reports got into a plane with the intent of crashing, which means they were in the same shoes we are. I think if we talk more openly about how we have broken the accident chain, maybe that will keep it more in everyone's minds. So I'll start with a couple of experiences, interestingly on the same trip. Last year right after Christmas I had a Cloud Nine flight to Belize and back. This was around 20 hours of flying in 2 days. Long, but not out of the ordinary for me. I do long trips and I'm comfortable with them and make plans accordingly. The trip down was relatively easy. On the trip back, winds were predominantly out of the north. Something like out of the northwest, which resulted in me having headwinds from clearing customs in Key West up to Alabama. The trip was expected to be something at around 4 hours. The 310 at the power setting I was using burns 27 GPH with 140 gallons total for a hair over 5 hours of fuel. Two issues ended up hurting my range. Headwinds were worse than forecast (to the surprise of no one), and there was a cloud layer that I wanted to stay above for icing purposes, which made the headwinds worse still. As I approached the destination, it looked like it would be close on fuel. The instrument approach for the airport (only one) also would have taken me out the wrong direction if I had needed to use it. Clouds were at that borderline point where a visual approach may or may not have been possible. I saw the accident chain as follows: 1) Trip plan getting into last hour of fuel remaining 2) Headwinds worse than expected 3) Failed to stop for fuel in time 4) Fuel exhaustion somewhere with a double engine failure I stopped it before 3 happened, and diverted for fuel with under 50 nm remaining on the trip. Although I think there would have been enough fuel to make the rest of the trip, it would have been close. Then after the drop off, I had to get back to Ohio from Alabama. I was above the icing layer (easy to climb through - lightweight and cold I was doing 1,500-2k fpm climb). However, it was solidly between me and the ground back at Ohio. My home airport is a north-south runway that is 2800 ft, which is a hair tight for a 310 and does not allow carrying in any extra speed. So on this I would have a night approach that should be easy enough (not that close to mins), but then came the fact that there had been snow while I was gone. Although the runway was reported as clear, the winds were out of the west, meaning that the snow could have drifted onto the runway. If that was the case, I wouldn't know until about over the runway (again, night approach) and then would have a low go-around/missed and then climbing back into the ice to go around and shoot the ILS at the neighboring airport (with an east/west runway). I saw the accident chain as: 1) Aircraft gets iced up on approach to "short" runway, potentially requiring extra speed 2) Runway covered in snow with crosswind 3A) Plane skids off side of runway or overruns runway 3B) Plane ends up back in icing, gets iced up, crashes So I stopped all of this before it was an issue. I diverted to the neighboring airport with a 5500 ft east/west runway and an ILS. Then I called a friend of mine for a ride home. The next day, got a ride back and ferried the 310 to its home. A beautiful day.