He failed to fly the airplane. He failed to comply with ATC requests (over a span of minutes and numerous pleading requests) He lied repeatedly about his actively complying with those requests ("Correcting..." when he was not) He failed to ask for help if he was behind the plane He failed to ask for help if he was suffering a malfunction That broken layer would have allowed him a few peeks at the ground, I'd wager. If he was ever looking out any window. 800 foot thick broken layer, c'mon, that's not an operational hazard. I bet a 40 hour PPL could manage that. He even knew he was in the kimchi when he told ATC he was at 2500 after being cleared several times to 5000. I hate this accident the more and more I ponder it.